Unless you live under a rock, you know that as of January 1, 2020, marijuana is legal in the state of Illinois for recreational use. Does this change the drug screening policy of our egg donors and gestational carriers?
Absolutely not. We will still continue to screen our egg donors and gestational carriers as we have been, including for marijuana use. According to a prospective study on the effects of female marijuana use on in vitro fertilization published by the Department of Family and Preventive Medicine at the University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, both timing and amount of marijuana use negatively affected IVF.
Women who used marijuana during fertility treatment had 27% fewer eggs retrieved and one fewer embryo to transfer.
Women who used marijuana during fertility treatment had infants 17% smaller at birth.
Women who had used marijuana in the previous twelve months before doing IVF had 25% fewer eggs retrieved and 28% fewer eggs fertilize.
Women who had used marijuana in the previous 15 years had 12% smaller infants.
These statistics are enough for us to know that even though marijuana is now legal, we need to continue screening our egg donors and gestational carriers to give intended parents the best possible outcome in their family building journey.
Vicki Meagher has worked with InVia Fertility Specialists since 2006. She is our Third Party Coordinator, so she works with our patients that need an egg donor, sperm donor, gestational surrogate, or any combination of the above. She recruits and screens the egg donors for our in-house donor program as well. She loves working with intended parents and is passionate about third party reproduction and the important role it plays in helping patients achieve their dream of starting or extending their family. She is a member of SEEDS - the Society for Ethics for Egg Donation and Surrogacy.